Many people worldwide suffer from various degrees of dry skin on the body as well as the scalp. One common skin condition that is characterized by irritated, dry skin is referred to as Atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis (also commonly referred to as eczema) is an inflammatory, non-contagious skin disorder.
Who is affected by Eczema?
This skin condition is most common in the first six months to five years of a child’s life, but may occur at any age. It affects 10-30% of children under 5 years and 1-3% of adults.
What causes the skin condition?
The causes of atopic dermatitis still are being researched, but it is known that genetics play a key role. If family members have dermatitis, hay fever, or asthma, it is highly likely for the appearance of the skin condition in future offspring.
The symptoms of Eczema in infants, children & adults
Symptoms can appear differently depending on the individual. Eczema can appear on infants as early as 2-3 months old, causing a sudden red skin rash that is dry & itchy. Infants tend to experience eczema on the scalp and on the face cheeks, but it can appear elsewhere on the body.
Children tend to get eczema near joints such as elbows and knees or areas of skin creasing such as the neck, wrists, and buttocks. The symptoms are typical – red, itchy and inflamed areas of skin. If left untreated, the skin could form lesions which ooze or crust over.
Adults tend to experience eczema much less often, but when occurring will appear around joints, skin creases, and can cover a good percentage of the entire body. The symptoms are characterized by intense itchiness and extremely dry skin areas. You will also see an increase in scaly skin.
Click here to learn more about other forms of skin dermatitis such as Seborrhea.